Central African Republic

As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USA
As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USAID is providing $20M in food aid, including to help those in the camp for displaced families in Bossangoa (pictured above).
Fred Dufour, AFP


Key Developments

The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported on February 24 that increased violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) had forcibly displaced nearly 50,000 people since the start of the year, including an estimated 30,000 internally displaced persons and more than 19,200 people who fled to neighboring Equateur Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). According to UNHCR, approximately 2,400 refugees, primarily children, have arrived in the area of Mobayi-Mbongo town in DRC since February 15 following violence by ex-Séléka fighters in Haute-Kotto Prefecture’s capital of Bria in eastern CAR.

CAR’s ex-President Francois Bozizé and former Interim President Michel Djotodia have expressed support for the country’s peace and reconciliation process, international media reported on February 26. Republic of Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso—who is leading international efforts advocating for peace in CAR—has indicated support in favor of the proposed Bozizé and Djotodia compromise, which could potentially influence the ex-Séléka and anti-Balaka armed groups toward a sustained ceasefire, according to media.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO CAR IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$48,739,825

USAID/FFP

$74,554,287

State/PRM

$70,898,621

Total USAID and State Assistance to CAR

$195,692,733

*These figures are current as of March 2, 2015.

Background

In December 2012, the Séléka armed opposition alliance began to advance across CAR in opposition to then-President François Bozizé. On March 24, 2013, Séléka fighters entered CAR’s capital city, Bangui, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions in CAR further deteriorated on December 5, 2013, when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces. As of mid-February, the situation throughout CAR remained volatile, with escalating attacks against civilians. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints impede humanitarian operations in Bangui and in more remote areas of CAR.

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Last updated: March 04, 2015

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