Central African Republic

As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USA
As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USAID is providing $20M in food aid, including to help those in the camp for displaced families in Bossangoa (pictured above).
Fred Dufour, AFP


Key Developments

Members of the UN Security Council—including U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power—traveled to CAR from March 10 to 12, marking the Council’s first visit to the country since the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in CAR (MINUSCA) began in September 2014. Security Council members met with Government of CAR (CARG) officials, senior staff from MINUSCA, religious leaders, and non-government organizations (NGOs) to assess current humanitarian and human rights conditions, as well as discuss the challenges faced by MINUSCA, according to the UN.

On March 5, the Government of France (GoF) announced plans to begin gradually reducing its 2,000 troops comprising Operation Sangaris as part of the transition to the MINUSCA peacekeeping force, according to international media. The GoF stated plans to keep some of the French forces in the capital city of Bangui and in the country’s east to support MINUSCA. The UN plans to increase MINUSCA’s force size to 10,000 peacekeepers from approximately 7,500 by late April.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO CAR IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$48,739,825

USAID/FFP

$74,554,287

State/PRM

$70,898,621

Total USAID and State Assistance to CAR

$195,692,733

*These figures are current as of March 2, 2015.

Background

In December 2012, the Séléka armed opposition alliance began to advance across CAR in opposition to then-President François Bozizé. On March 24, 2013, Séléka fighters entered CAR’s capital city, Bangui, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions in CAR further deteriorated on December 5, 2013, when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces. As of mid-February, the situation throughout CAR remained volatile, with escalating attacks against civilians. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints impede humanitarian operations in Bangui and in more remote areas of CAR.

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Last updated: March 16, 2015

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