Central African Republic

As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USA
As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USAID is providing $20M in food aid, including to help those in the camp for displaced families in Bossangoa (pictured above).
Fred Dufour, AFP



Key Developments

UN Secretary General (SYG) Ban recently presented a Central African Republic (CAR) situation report to the UN Security Council. Despite relative improvements in security, the SYG noted that areas of the country remain volatile, especially in central regions where armed groups often clash. Insecurity has displaced more than 50,000 people since January—underscoring the tenuous humanitarian situation, especially in Ouaka Prefecture’s Bambari town, Ouham Prefecture’s Batangafo town, and Nana-Grébizi Prefecture’s Kaga-Bandoro town. While the impact of international forces is positive, the SYG acknowledged the existence of Muslim enclaves facing continued threats. The report documents 22 serious security incidents against UN staff between December and March and a surge in kidnappings of humanitarian workers. The SYG reiterated deep concern for the humanitarian situation and threats to response actors.

Leaders from opposing armed groups anti-Balaka and ex-Séléka signed two accords on April 8 in Kenya’s capital city of Nairobi, according to local media. CAR’s transitional government has not endorsed these agreements. The two factions agreed to a ceasefire and political transition roadmap—previous ceasefire agreements have failed to end hostilities.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO CAR IN FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$14,582,259

USAID/FFP

$32,554,287

Total USAID and State Assistance to CAR

$47,136,546

*These figures are current as of April 10, 2015.

Background

In December 2012, the Séléka armed opposition alliance began to advance across CAR in opposition to then-President François Bozizé. On March 24, 2013, Séléka fighters entered CAR’s capital city, Bangui, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions in CAR further deteriorated on December 5, 2013, when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces. As of mid-February, the situation throughout CAR remained volatile, with escalating attacks against civilians. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints impede humanitarian operations in Bangui and in more remote areas of CAR.

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Last updated: April 13, 2015

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