Central African Republic

As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USA
As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USAID is providing $20M in food aid, including to help those in the camp for displaced families in Bossangoa (pictured above).
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet


Key Developments

The UN Commission of Inquiry into human rights violations and war crimes in the Central African Republic (CAR) publicly announced on January 8 their determination that while both sides of the conflict committed crimes against humanity, such as rape and recruitment of child soldiers, targeted violence against Muslims by anti-Balaka elements during 2014 constitutes ethnic cleansing. The Commission could not conclude that there was genocide. The Commission identified the deployment of African Union peacekeepers, French troops, and the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in CAR as the primary reasons the country averted genocide. The report cites estimates that armed groups had killed between 3,000 and 6,000 people, but caveats that this figure fails to capture the full magnitude of the killings, which could likely be much higher. The Commission submitted its report to the UN Security Council on December 19.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO CAR IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$39,079,271

USAID/FFP

$57,000,000

State/PRM

$70,898,621

Total USAID and State Assistance to CAR

$166,977,892

*These figures are current as of January 20, 2015.

Background

In December 2012, the Séléka armed opposition alliance began to advance across CAR in opposition to then-President François Bozizé. On March 24, 2013, Séléka fighters entered CAR’s capital city, Bangui, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions in CAR further deteriorated on December 5, 2013, when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces. As of mid-February, the situation throughout CAR remained volatile, with escalating attacks against civilians. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints impede humanitarian operations in Bangui and in more remote areas of CAR.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 20, 2015

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