Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheet


Key Developments

U.S. President Barack Obama visited Burma on November 13 and 14, 2014, to participate in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations annual summit and hold bilateral meetings with Burmese President Thein Sein and Chairperson and General Secretary of the National League for Democracy Aung San Suu Kyi.

The Humanitarian Country Team—comprising UN, international organization, and non-governmental organization (NGO) representatives—released the 2015 Burma Strategic Response Plan (SRP) in December, requesting $190 million to respond to the multi-sectoral humanitarian needs of approximately 536,400 people in Kachin, Rakhine, and northern Shan throughout 2015. The plan seeks to bridge the divide between humanitarian relief, early recovery, and long-term development by ensuring that early recovery initiatives are incorporated in all areas of the 2015 SRP.

In December, the Government of Burma (GoB) hosted a five-day Emergency Operations Center (EOC) design and management workshop in Nay Pyi Taw, facilitated by representatives from the U.S. government, Government of Japan, and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. At the workshop, participants—including more than 23 GoB ministries and departments, as well as representatives from UN agencies, NGOs, and private sector partners—discussed the EOC’s design, staffing, and operations.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO BURMA IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$4,060,609

USAID/FFP

$15,000,000

State/PRM

$36,302,374

Total Assistance to Burma

$55,362,983

*These figures are current as of February 6, 2015

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 09, 2015

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