Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Violent clashes broke out between the Government of Burma and Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army forces in northern Shan State’s Kokang self-administered zone on February 9. The UN estimates that 13,500 people have been displaced internally, while tens of thousands of people fled across the border into China, according to local media.

Two separate Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) convoys were attacked by gunfire on February 17 and 22 while transporting displaced families away from conflict-affected areas in Kokang. According to statements released by MRCS following the incidents, three MRCS volunteers and four civilians were injured during the attacks.

Burmese President Thein Sein issued an executive order revoking all temporary resident permits—known locally as white cards—as of March 31. According to local media, card holders must surrender their cards to authorities by May 31. There are more than 700,000 white card holders in Rakhine State; the vast majority are Rohingya.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO BURMA IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$5,060,609

USAID/FFP

$15,000,000

State/PRM

$39,306,820

Total Assistance to Burma

$59,367,429

*These figures are current as of March 30, 2015

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

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Last updated: March 31, 2015

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