Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Humanitarian organizations report that between 60 and 100 percent of their staff had returned to Rakhine State and resumed providing assistance to internally displaced persons as of mid-June, following the disruption of relief operations after attacks on U.N. and NGO offices in Rakhine’s capital, Sittwe, in late March. Organizations whose full staff have not returned report that programs are operating at or near the same level as prior to the attacks, with the exception of health care services.

Clashes between the Government of Burma forces and the Kachin Independence Army—the military arm of the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO)—and other armed groups since early April have displaced at least 3,000 people in northern Shan and southern Kachin states. In Muse Township, northern Shan, fighting in late April and early May affected at least 10 villages and displaced more than 700 people to Muse town, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Early June clashes in northern Shan displaced another 500 people primarily to Kawngkha, Kutkai Township, local NGOs report. The recent movements are in addition to the April and May displacement of approximately 2,700 people in northern Shan and southern Kachin due to fighting. Relief organizations note that this is the second or third displacement for many of the people affected.

On a June 10–14 trip to Burma, including Kachin and Rakhine, U.N. Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Kyung-wha Kang highlighted the need for improved humanitarian access, as well as respect for the safety of relief workers in Rakhine, in order to reach the 421,000 people targeted with humanitarian assistance in Burma.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO BURMA IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$3,561,664

USAID/FFP

$5,000,000

State/PRM

$29,580,839

Total Assistance to Burma

$38,142,503

*These figures are current as of July 2, 2014

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 03, 2014

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