Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Heavy rainfall since July resulted in landslides and floods in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Thanintharyi, and Yangon regions, as well as in Kayin, Rakhine, and Shan states. The Government of Burma (GoB), U.N. agencies, and other humanitarian actors are providing emergency assistance to flood-affected populations.

Following its expulsion of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) from Rakhine in February, the GoB announced in July that all aid groups, including MSF, could resume operations. On September 8, MSF signed a memorandum of understanding with the GoB authorizing MSF’s continued work nationwide. As of September 30, however, negotiations with local authorities continued and MSF had not resumed full operations.

The U.S. government provided more than $45 million in FY 2014 assistance to support humanitarian response efforts in Burma. This funding includes more than $4 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance for activities that provide emergency shelter assistance, increase access to economic opportunities, and support water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions for vulnerable populations.

In addition, USAID's Office of Food for Peace provided $5 million to support local and regional procurement of emergency food assistance through the U.N. World Food Program. With more than $36 million, the Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration is supporting the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees and other implementing partners to assist internally displaced persons in Burma and Burmese refugees in neighboring countries.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO BURMA IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$4,060,609

USAID/FFP

$5,000,000

State/PRM

$36,302,374

Total Assistance to Burma

$45,362,983

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2014

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 06, 2014

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