Burkina Faso

Aiming to improve food security and reduce acute malnutrition, USAID/OFDA supports programs in Burkina Faso
Aiming to improve food security and reduce acute malnutrition, USAID/OFDA supports programs in Burkina Faso and other Sahelian countries to help increase people’s access to grains available in local markets.
Laura Meissner/USAID

Key Developments

Food security and nutrition levels in Burkina Faso generally improved throughout 2013, with cereal production from the 2012/2013 season more than 30 percent higher than in 2011/2012, according to the U.N. World Food Program. Stabilized food prices and continued humanitarian food and cash assistance programs also contributed to reduced food insecurity. As of September, the vast majority of Burkinabe households were experiencing Minimal—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification 1—levels of food insecurity, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network reported. However, the U.N. estimates that 1.8 million people, or approximately 10 percent of the total Burkinabe population, remain food-insecure, with some 120,000 children under the age of five experiencing severe acute malnutrition.

In FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) provided approximately $3.4 million to support a range of agricultural, livelihoods, and nutrition interventions for the benefit of more than 50,000 food-insecure people in Burkina Faso. With USAID/OFDA assistance, humanitarian partners are strengthening the capacity of local health staff to manage acute malnutrition, facilitating communities’ access to quality cereal seeds and alternative sources of credit, and providing small livestock and associated training on animal management to beneficiaries.

USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided Catholic Relief Services with $1.3 million for emergency food assistance to nearly 15,000 beneficiaries in the Sahel Region of Burkina Faso in FY 2013. The cash-for-work program supported the construction and improvement of irrigation systems, which in turn increased the land available for market production.

According to the U.N., nearly 50,000 Malian refugees—more than half of whom are children—remained in Burkina Faso as of late September. U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) recently provided an additional $600,000 to support water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions for approximately 30,000 refugees living in Goudebou and Mentao camps in the north, as well as some 15,000 residents from the surrounding host villages. State/PRM-supported activities include constructing a borehole for the host community, building 600 communal showers in the camps, distributing 3,000 hygiene kits to refugees, and conducting key hygiene-awareness activities. In total, State/PRM provided nearly $7 million in FY 2013 for shelter, protection, livelihoods, nutrition, and WASH assistance to Malian refugees living in Burkina Faso.








Total USAID and State Assistance to Burkina Faso


*These figures are current as of September 30, 2013


In 2011/2012, the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—experienced a food insecurity and acute malnutrition crisis that affected approximately 18.7 million people, according to the U.N. As of August 2013, some 11.3 million people throughout the region remained food insecure. Insecurity in the region continues to cause population displacement and disrupt trade flows and normal migration patterns, complicating food security conditions in affected areas.

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Last updated: December 18, 2013

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