Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Afghanistan’s 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview—released in November—reports 7.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance throughout the country, including 225,000 Pakistani refugees and nearly 245,000 Afghan refugee returnees. Afghanistan’s 2015 Strategic Response Plan—also released in November—requests $405 million to assist 3.8 million people identified as the most vulnerable, including refugees and returnees, conflict- and natural disaster-affected populations, malnourished children, and nearly 1.8 million of the 2.2 million people classified by the UN as severely food insecure.

In September, Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah—the 2014 presidential candidates ​ locked in a months-long electoral stalemate—signed an agreement to form a national ​ unity government led by Ghani as President and Abdullah as Chief Executive Officer ​ (CEO)​ . In January, President Ghani and CEO Abdullah submitted the names of the ​ ministers selected for the unity government cabinet to the Afghan National Assembly ​ for approval, a significant step toward establishing a government the international ​ community hopes will help bring stability to the country.

To date in FY 2015, USAID ​'s Office of Food for Peace​ has provided 26,100 MT of in-kind food assistance—valued at nearly $35 million—to support UN World Food Program operations in ​ Afghanistan. Additionally, USAID ​'s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance​ continues to support vulnerable Afghans ​ with more than $25 million of ongoing FY 2014 funding.

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: January 26, 2015

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