Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Floods have affected more than 150,000 people across Afghanistan to date in 2014—more than double the nearly 65,000 people affected by floods in 2013, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) and relief agencies continue to provide humanitarian assistance to disaster-affected populations.

Approximately 60 percent of Afghanistan’s 12 million eligible voters—or more than 7 million people—participated in the June 14 presidential run-off election, choosing between Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai to succeed current President Hamid Karzai, according to the Independent Election Commission (IEC). The U.N. reports that election-day attacks by anti-government elements resulted in 53 civilian deaths, and IEC officials—who are currently tallying the votes and expect to announce the results in July—reported that insecurity prevented fewer than 200 of the 6,365 polling stations from operating. The handover of authority from President Karzai to the newly elected president will mark the first democratic transferal of power in Afghanistan.

To date in FY 2014, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance has provided more than $16.9 million to support humanitarian assistance efforts in Afghanistan, including approximately $3.4 million to improve humanitarian coordination and information management. USAID's Office of Food For Peace has provided nearly $65.7 million to support emergency food assistance efforts nationwide.

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: June 30, 2014

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