Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The UN estimates that nearly 48,000 Afghans have returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan to date in 2015, including both unregistered Afghans and registered refugees. As of February 2015, nearly 750 individuals were returning per day, up from approximately 60 individuals per day in 2014.

From January to April, the International Organization for Migration documented 60 natural disasters in Afghanistan, primarily avalanches and flooding resulting from heavy snowfall and rain. Relief agencies expect flooding to continue through June, likely resulting in additional displacement and humanitarian needs among affected populations.

To date in FY 2015, USAID's Office of Food for Peace has provided 40,300 MT of emergency food assistance—valued at approximately $55 million—to support UN World Food Program (WFP) operations in Afghanistan. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance continues to support vulnerable Afghan populations with FY 2014 and FY 2015 funding through relief commodities, shelter and structure support, and health care services, among other assistance.

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: April 17, 2015

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