Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Intense fighting in recent months between the Taliban and the Afghan National Security Forces has caused population displacement from areas of northeastern Kunduz Province to Kunduz city. Tens of thousands of civilians remained trapped in battle zones in Kunduz Province as of late June, according to the Government of Afghanistan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations.

Security conditions across Afghanistan have worsened in recent months due in part to increased attacks by the Taliban. In the capital city of Kabul, an attack on a North Atlantic Treaty Organization convoy on June 30 resulted in one death and injured at least 20 people, while a June 22 attack on Afghanistan’s parliament building killed two people and injured more than 30 civilians, according to international media.

Key humanitarian priorities in Afghanistan include improving humanitarian access, responding to seasonal rains and floods, and providing support to the most vulnerable populations—internally displaced persons, Afghan returnees, refugees, malnourished children, and food-insecure families.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance recently committed more than $940,000 in additional funds to Information Management and Mine Action Programs for information management and an additional $600,000 to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs for humanitarian coordination.

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: July 07, 2015

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