Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Insecurity continues to affect civilians and relief workers throughout Afghanistan. The U.N. reports that conflict resulted in more than 1,500 civilian deaths between January 1 and June 30—a 17 percent increase in civilian deaths from the same period in 2013. In August, eight relief workers died in 31 reported violent incidents against aid personnel and facilities, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

The 2013 National Nutrition Survey—released in August 2014—suggests that 46 percent of children under the age of five are stunted due to malnutrition, exceeding the U.N. World Health Organization emergency threshold of 40 percent.

In FY 2014, the U.S. government provided more than $199 million in humanitarian assistance for people affected by the complex emergency in Afghanistan. This includes nearly $66 million from USAID's Office of Food for Peace and more than $25 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance for emergency food assistance and relief commodities; water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions; activities designed to strengthen humanitarian coordination, information management, and risk preparedness; and shelter support.

The U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration also provided more than $107 million to assist vulnerable populations, including internally displaced persons and refugees, in Afghanistan and in neighboring countries.

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 02, 2014

Share This Page