As a major transportation hub and host to millions of foreign workers, Côte d'Ivoire is a potential flashpoint for the spread of HIV/AIDS throughout the region. In 2010, UNAIDS estimated HIV prevalence at 3.4 percent of the population aged 15-49--the highest adult HIV prevalence in West Africa. Those at highest risk for infection include sex workers, men who have sex with men, the uniformed services, truckers, and migrants. The past decade of instability is likely to have exacerbated the vulnerability of these and other groups, given large-scale military deployments, massive population displacement, and a dramatic increase in poverty.
USAID's work addresses these threats through several channels, including:
Creating evidence-based HIV prevention services that target most-at-risk groups and high-prevalence areas, as well as all primary and secondary school students. Individual, family, and couples HIV testing are a primary prevention tool, and linked to programs that offer HIV treatment and care.
Strengthening the national blood-bank system, which screens all donated blood for HIV.
Strengthening national supply chains through consolidated procurements and technical assistance by the Partnership for Supply Chain Management.
Developing a continuum of comprehensive treatment, care, and support services, including anti-retroviral treatment adherence support and monitoring, psychosocial support, palliative care, and support for HIV-affected families.
Scaling up care for orphans and vulnerable children through district-level networks of coordinated social and health services.
Building government, private-sector, and civil-society capacities to contribute to sustainable systems for health.
Last updated: August 22, 2013