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November 14, 2014
Food Security Situation
Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 184 out of 187 countries in the 2013 United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line.
Over 540,000 refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) reside in Chad as a result of ongoing and intensified violence in Sudan and Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, the influx of Chadian returnees from CAR contributes to a deteriorating socio-economic situation, strained local resources, and increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities.
Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to low incomes, few income generating opportunities, frequent droughts, and limited access to social services.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF, World Vision, and Catholic Relief Services on emergency food security programs that target approximately 246,440 food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR and Sudan. FFP also partners with Africare on a six-year development program in the Ouaddaï and Batha provinces that strengthens community capacity and early warning systems through education and training activities, and also improves health and nutrition through targeted food distributions, health education, agricultural training, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions.
FFP supports WFP to provide refugees with general food distribution, supplementary feeding, and food for assets to address both the deep-rooted and immediate causes of malnutrition, develop the capacity of partners and communities to improve nutrition, and reduce households’ vulnerability to food insecurity. FFP and WFP also promote activities such as natural resource management and crop storage and preservation to improve their ability to recover from shocks. To address severe acute malnutrition, FFP and UNICEF also provide ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat over 40,000 affected children.
The World Vision and Catholic Relief Services programs enhance the resilience of vulnerable households in Guera, Ouaddai, and Wadi Fira regions through conditional food transfers and activities focused on nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$74.5 million||47,710 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$58.2 million||39,420 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$101.7 million||64,989 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.6 million||61,500 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$103.9 million||75,150 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||---|
|Title II Emergency||$ 66.4 million||47,710 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$ 8.1 million||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by WFP, UNHCR and FEWS NET as of November 2014
FY 2014 contribution based on funds obligated as of September 2014
Last updated: November 14, 2014