Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Chad

April 16, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of Chad
CIA World Factbook
  • Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 184 out of 187 countries in the 2013 United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. 

  • Over 540,000 refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) reside in Chad as a result of ongoing and intensified violence in Sudan and Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, since late 2013 over 58,000 Chadian returnees have fled the increased conflict in CAR. The steady influx of refugees and returnees has led to a deteriorating socio-economic situation, strained local resources, and increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities. 

  • Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to low incomes, few income generating opportunities, harsh climate conditions, erratic rainfall patterns, and limited access to social services. Along the Sahelian belt, pockets of vulnerable households are expected to experience crisis levels of food insecurity between April and September.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets approximately 206,440 food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR and Sudan.  FFP partner Africare implements a six-year development program in the Ouaddaï and Batha provinces that strengthens community capacity and early warning systems through education and training activities, and also improves health and nutrition through targeted food distributions, health education, agricultural training, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions.

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF, and World Vision on emergency food security programs. To address severe acute malnutrition, FFP and UNICEF provide ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat over 40,000 affected children. In addition, FFP supports WFP to provide refugees with general food distribution, supplementary feeding, and food for assets. WFP’s integrated operation addresses both the deep-rooted and immediate causes of malnutrition, develops the capacity of partners and communities to improve nutrition, and includes interventions for reducing households’ vulnerability to food insecurity. To mitigate disasters, FFP and WFP promote activities such as natural resource management and crop storage and preservation.

  •  The World Vision emergency program enhances the resilience of 8,500 households in Guera region through conditional food transfers and activities focused on nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $52.0 million 32,260 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $58.2 million 39,420 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $101.7 million 64,989 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $89.6 million 61,500 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $103.9 million 75,150 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ---
Title II Emergency $ 48.1 million 32,260  MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $ 3.9 million ----

Food Security Situation information provided by WFP, UNHCR and FEWS NET as of April 2014
FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014

Last updated: September 29, 2014

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