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Global Health

Cambodia’s 2010 Demographic and Health Survey indicated that Cambodia has made significant progress in the health sector in the past five years. Cambodia has already achieved its 2015 Millennium Development Goal targets for infant mortality, under-5 mortality, maternal mortality, and HIV/AIDS. More than 60 percent of women receive at least four antenatal care visits and 71 percent of women deliver with the assistance of a trained health professional, a substantial increase from 44 percent in 2005. Early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and vitamin A coverage remain high. According to the preliminary results reported in the Cambodia tuberculosis (TB) prevalence study which was released in 2012, Cambodia achieved two out of the three Millennium Development Goal targets for TB, specifically to halt the incidence of TB and halve TB death rates by 2015. Cambodia is on track to achieve the third target of reducing by half tuberculosis prevalence rates by 2015. HIV prevalence was cut in half from 1.7 percent in 1998 to 0.8 percent in 2010 and more than 80 percent of eligible individuals are on life-saving antiretroviral treatment. The U.S. government provided almost 40 percent of the financial resources behind the national response and has established surveillance, service delivery, and quality assurance platforms needed for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to achieve its goals. 

USAID is working to combat a variety of health problems in Cambodia. The country’s maternal mortality rate is among the highest in Southeast Asia and the number of newborn deaths is also extremely high. USAID improves maternal and child health by helping to develop national policies and strengthening national systems, improving clinical skills, expanding community outreach, providing community education, and improving access to quality health services. Although the HIV prevalence rate is high in specific populations, USAID’s programs have helped reduce the overall HIV prevalence in Cambodia from 2 percent in 1998 to less than 1 percent in 2010. TB, which affects 64 percent of the population, is also a major problem. USAID’s support of the national TB-control program and the expansion of community-based services have helped maintain detection rates of new TB cases at approximately 70 percent. These programs boast treatment success rates of up to 90 percent. USAID’s avian influenza program has raised public awareness about this growing problem and strengthened national- and provincial-level capacity to respond to suspected outbreaks. USAID is also working to combat regional problems that extend beyond Cambodia’s borders, such as drug-resistant malaria and counterfeit drugs.

Results

  • Cambodia has surpassed its targets for Millennium Development Goal 4 and 5 in child and infant mortality and maternal mortality, increased the rate of fully immunized children from 40 percent to 79 percent and more than doubled the rate of deliveries assisted by a skilled provider up to 71 percent. 
  • USAID’s programs, through PEPFAR, helped to reduce HIV prevalence by more than half and provided life-saving antiretroviral therapy to over 80 percent of those who need it.
  • Cambodia has achieved two out of three of the Millennium Development Goal targets for TB and has reduced TB prevalence by 43 percent from 2002 to 2010.

USAID’s key areas of focus include:

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Health Systems
  • Tuberculosis and Malaria
  • Maternal and Child Health

Publications

Last updated: October 30, 2014

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