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January 3, 2014
Food Security Situation
According to International Food Policy and Research Institute’s (IFPRI) 2013 Global Hunger Index, Burundi has an extremely alarming level of hunger based on high levels of undernourishment, underweight children, and child mortality.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) has indicated the food security situation will likely improve countrywide in December-January with the first harvests. All areas are then expected to experience None/Minimal (Phase 1) acute food insecurity through March 2014.
Nearly 39,000 Burundians were expelled from Tanzania as illegal migrants in September 2013, adding to the existing refugee, returnee, and IDP population within Burundi. This population requires continued humanitarian assistance to meet essential food and non-food needs. As a result of these expulsions, there are fewer opportunities for households to migrate to Tanzania for work.
Prices of staple commodities including beans, cassava flour and bananas are above average.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) in targeting 252,000 refugees, returnees, and host communities in Ngozi, Ruyigi, Muyinga, Makamba, Bururi, and Rutana provinces. The program entails general food distributions, food vouchers for the first time, supplementary feeding to approximately 34,000 moderately malnourished people, and funding the Comprehensive Food Security and Nutrition Vulnerability Assessment. FFP also supports UNICEF, to reach 16,500 severely acute malnourished children with ready-to-use therapeutic food.
FFP partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Ruyigi and Cankuzo provinces and focuses on children during their first 1,000 days of life and their mothers (50,000 mother/child pairs). CRS seeks to improve access to health services, introduce behavior changes that promote better health and nutrition, and increase access to nutritious food.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$19.3 million||12,920 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$19.4 million||14,050 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$27.3 million||26,180 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$11.1 million||15,930 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$20.1 million||24,620 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$9.4 million||5,310 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by IFPRI and FEWSNET as of December 2013.
Country Specific Guidance:
- USAID Office of Food for Peace: Food Security Country Framework for Burundi FY 2014-2018 (PDF, 1 MB)
- Engender Burundi Sexual Violence Assessment Final Report (PDF, 585 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Household and Housing (PDF, 960 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Mortality (PDF, 5 MB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Poverty (PDF, 1 MB)
Additional Resources from FY 2010:
Last updated: January 06, 2014