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June 30, 2014
Food Security Situation
Burma, a country in transition, has an estimated population of 58 million comprising 135 different ethnic groups. Regional production disparities caused by local policies, high food prices, pest outbreaks, limited agricultural and financial inputs, armed conflict and communal violence pose threats to nationwide food security.
Access to adequate and nutritionally-balanced food in Burma remains a major challenge for the poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population. Twenty-six percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and an estimated 17 percent of households are food insecure. More than one-third of child deaths are due to under-nutrition, and 35 percent of children under age five are stunted.
Food insecurity is particularly a concern amongst internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine States. Communal violence in June 2011 in Kachin and Shan states followed by additional violence in the Rakhine State in June 2012 has displaced an estimated 240,000 people.
Food Assistance Programs
Since 2011, FFP has partnered with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) to purchase locally produced rice, pulses, salts and fortified blended foods, as well as vegetable oil produced in the region, to help feed food insecure IDPs in the Kachin, Northern Shan, and Rakhine States.
In May, FFP provided $5 million to support WFP’s purchase of 5,568 MT of locally and regionally purchased food. This food will be enough to feed approximately 32,000 IDPs in Kachin, 8,000 IDPs in Northern Shan, and 132,000 IDPs in Rakhine for one and a half months, helping WFP avoid anticipated pipeline breaks in August 2014.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$5.0 million||5,568 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$8.0 million||8,363 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$3.0 million||3,426 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$1.5 million||2,000 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||----||----|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contibution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$5.0 million||5,568 MT|
Note: MT: Metric Ton; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food security and refugee information provided by WFP and FAO as of June 2014. FY 2014 contribution based on funds obligated as of June 2014.
Last updated: June 30, 2014