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November 12, 2013
Food Security Situation
Burma, a country in transition, has an estimated population of 58 million comprising 135 different ethnic groups. Regional production disparities caused by local policies, high food prices, pest outbreaks, limited agricultural and financial inputs, armed conflict and communal violence pose threats to nationwide food security.
Access to adequate and nutritionally-balanced food in Burma remains a major challenge for the poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population. Twenty-six percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and an estimated 17 percent of households are food insecure. More than one-third of child deaths are due to under-nutrition, and 35 percent of children under age five are stunted.
Food insecurity is particularly a concern amongst internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine States. Communal violence in June 2011 in Kachin and Shan states followed by additional violence in the Rakhine State in June 2012 has displaced an estimated 240,000 people.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provides support to approximately 128,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Northern Rakhine and 40,000 IDPs in Kachin and Shan states.
FFP partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) to procure locally produced rice, pulses, salt and fortified blended foods, and to procure vegetable oil produced in the region. This food is being distributed to these highly vulnerable IDPs as part of a full monthly food ration.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$8.0 million||8,363 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$3.0 million||3,426 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$1.5 million||2,000 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||----||----|
|Fiscal Year 2009||----||----|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contibution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$8.0 million||8,363 MT|
Note: MT: Metric Ton; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food security and refugee information provided by WFP and FAO as of October 2013.
Last updated: November 13, 2013