Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Burkina Faso

April 16, 2014

Food Security Situation  

Map of Burkina Faso
CIA World Factbook
  • Burkina Faso is classified as a least developed, low income, and food deficit country.  The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2013 Human Development Index ranks Burkina Faso 183 out of 187 countries, and over 44 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Food insecurity affects 50 percent of households, global acute malnutrition among children under five is above 8 percent and stunting among children under five is nearly 30 percent.

  • The 2012 coup d’état in neighboring Mali and rebel uprising in the north displaced hundreds of thousands of Malians.  An estimated 48,900 refugees remain in Burkina Faso, placing additional strain on the food security of host communities

  • Due to poor distribution of rainfall and depleting food stocks, poor and very poor households in the Sahelian region may have difficulty accessing food and are expected to experience increased acute food insecurity beginning in April. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets approximately 348,129 food insecure Burkinabes and Malian refugees throughout Burkina Faso. FFP partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) responds to acute malnutrition and strengthens the resilience of vulnerable and food-insecure populations through targeted food distributions, food and cash-for assets, and targeted and blanket supplementary feeding. 

  • FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and ACDI/VOCA to implement five year development programs with core interventions in the areas of agriculture and natural resource management, health and nutrition, and civil society strengthening. The programs focus on improving the nutritional status of the most vulnerable populations including pregnant and lactating women and children under two. Targeted food distributions, food-for-work activities, school feedings, and take home rations allow households to increase their consumption of nutritious foods while enhancing household dietary diversity. Through its programs, FFP implements a broad range of long-term strategies that aim to strengthen Burkina Faso’s resilience to future shock and reduce the need for outside food assistance.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $16.6 million 5,070 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $7.7 million 5,440 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $25.8 million 16,860 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $11.7 million 7,430 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $13.0 million 8,920 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $4.1 million 3,690 MT
Title II Emergency $2.0 million 1,380 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $0.5 million ----
Community Development Funds (CDF) $10.0 million ----

Food Security Situation information provided by UNDP, UNHCR, WFP and FEWS Net as of April 2014.
FY 2014 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014
FY 2014 emergency contributions include $2 million as part of a regional West Africa contribution

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: September 29, 2014

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