- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Science, Technology and Innovation
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
Food Security Situation
Burkina Faso is classified as a least developed, low income, and food deficit country. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2012 Human Development Index (HDI) ranks Burkina Faso 183 out of 187 countries and over 43 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Food insecurity affects 50 percent of households, global acute malnutrition among children under five is above 10 percent and stunting among children under five is nearly 30 percent.
The 2012 coup d’état in neighboring Mali and the following rebel uprising in the north displaced hundreds of thousands of Malians. An estimated 48,900 Malians have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, placing additional strain on the food security of host communities.
Cereal prices remain well above the five-year average, especially for millet and sorghum, though prices are generally similar or slightly lower compared to last year.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets approximately 460,000 food insecure Burkinabes and Malian refugees throughout Burkina Faso. FFP partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) is responding to critical malnutrition and is working to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable and food-insecure populations through targeted food distributions, food and cash-for assets, and targeted and blanket supplementary feeding.
FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and ACDI/VOCA to implement five year development programs with core interventions in the areas of agriculture and natural resource management, health and nutrition, and civil society strengthening. The programs focus on improving the nutritional status of the most vulnerable populations including pregnant and lactating women and children under two. Nutrition messaging, targeted food distribution, food-for-work activities, school feedings, and take home rations allow households to access better quality food. Additionally, farmers are trained on new agricultural technologies and receive subsidized agricultural inputs to increase yields and overall productivity. Throughout its development and emergency programs, FFP is implementing a broad range of long-term strategies that aim to strengthen Burkina Faso’s resilience to future shock and thereby reduce the need for outside food assistance.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$7.6 million||5,440 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$25.8 million||16,860 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$11.7 million||7,430 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$13.0 million||8,920 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$13.3 million||10,850 MT|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$4.6 million||4,140 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$1.7 million**||1,300 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$1.3 million||----|
*Food Security Situation information provided by UNDP, UNHCR, WFP and FEWS Net from 2013.
**FY 2013 emergency contributions include $1.7 million in a regional West Africa contribution.
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: September 03, 2013