Bangladesh is currently on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goals for both maternal and child health though the country still has unfinished business in maternal and newborn health, family planning and nutrition.
Through its programs, USAID aims to help the Government of Bangladesh achieve to the following major results:
- Reducing the total fertility rate from 2.5 to 2.2 children per woman by 2016;
- Reducing under-five mortality from 56 to 48 per 1000 live births; and
- Reducing maternal mortality from 194 to 143 per 100,000 live births
Over the past three decades, Bangladesh has made considerable progress in reducing its fertility rate. Nonetheless, it is projected that the population will continue to grow to between 200 to 225 million over the next four decades. The Government of Bangladesh’s goal to reduce the fertility rate to 2 children per woman by 2016 will require the adoption of a multi-sectoral approach to address population issues.
Bangladesh is also on track to achieve MDG 4 (child health), the nutritional status of children in the country remains one of the lowest in the world.
The 2011 USAID-funded Bangladesh Maternal Mortality and Health Care Survey results demonstrated a 40 percent decline in the maternal mortality ratio over the last nine years. The decline in maternal deaths was due principally to improved family planning practices (reducing exposure to high risk pregnancies), increased use of obstetric care (especially institutional deliveries and use of skilled birth attendants), upgraded health facilities and the availability of services in hard-to-reach areas.
Based on this success, USAID will expand these programs to help Bangladesh meet the Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal mortality by three-fourths between 1991 and 2015.
Last updated: January 13, 2015