The United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Control and Prevention of Tuberculosis project is a five year effort, which runs from October, 2011 to October, 2016, to reduce the incidence and mortality of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Burma, China and Thailand.
The Lower Mekong basin is rich in biodiversity. However, in many areas there are considerable knowledge gaps regarding existing biodiversity and the threats it faces. Through the Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) program, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting three regional networks of scientists to better understand some of the region’s most pressing biodiversity challenges.
The Mekong River watershed is one of the most productive and biodiverse in the world, with a freshwater fishery that supports the livelihoods of 60 million people. Unfortunately, the Mekong region is susceptible to the negative effects of climate change, which are aggravated by existing and proposed hydropower dams that trap sediment and prevent it from replenishing areas downstream, particularly in the river’s delta.
The Lower Mekong Sub-region, with a population of 235 million, is increasingly prosperous, healthy, educated, and globally-competitive. The U.S. Government supports the security, economic development and integration that underpin this prosperity. Increasing regional connectivity means greater access to electricity, water, financial resources and traded goods. However, without proper analysis and planning, new investments—especially in large-scale infrastructure and land use—can have significant negative social, environmental, and economic impacts.
Rapid economic growth in the Lower Mekong region has accelerated the flow of foreign direct investment at unprecedented rates, bringing crucial development finance and reducing poverty rates. At the same time this growth has increased natural resource extraction and infrastructure development. New investments in large-scale infrastructure and agriculture can have significant negative social, environmental and economic consequences if not properly planned and managed.
Last updated: January 29, 2015