Economic Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), high-level United States Government representatives, and business leaders from the United States and ASEAN gathered at a one-day ASEAN-US Business Summit in Nay Pyi Taw, Burma , to discuss regional policies to support small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) development. The United States Trade Representative and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) worked with the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development in Burma, the Chair of ASEAN in 2014, to hold this Second Business Summit with the support of ASEAN and U.S. business organizations.
Livestock production systems in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) range from traditional smallholder livestock-keeping systems to large highly productive commercial enterprises. Traditional systems are small-scale, low intensity, low-input, low-output systems, typically raising stock of local genetics and with limited market orientation. They contribute well over 90% of total numbers of producers in the LMB, and over 50% of total production. These systems dominate the higher elevation forested and more sloping ecozones and typically are associated with low-income, vulnerable households. Women, the elderly, and children are often responsible for household livestock, providing them with an important source of cash income and increased social standing.
Growing conditions for agriculture are diverse in the Lower Mekong Basin, from the mountainous areas of Lao PDR and the Central Highlands in Vietnam to the lowland plains in the Mekong Delta. Farming systems range from traditional shifting agriculture systems dominated by upland rice through industrial plantations, including smallholder intensive rice farmers. This report provides a detailed summary of the issues and trends by ecozone.
This report presents the results of the fisheries component of the USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study. It first provides an overview of the current state of the important capture fisheries and aquaculture systems in the Lower Mekong Basin, focusing on those elements that are threatened by climate change.
Last updated: August 29, 2014