Most Association of Southeast Asian Nation Member States have legal frameworks for quality standards associated with food, plants, animals, and animal products that put domestic and international producers on equal footing. Their food standard regimes are implemented with varying results. Traders identify a number of national rules and regulations as significant NTBs in the food and agricultural sectors. In addition, stringent domestic rules tend to undercut trade in services throughout the region. Lack of some human resources, such as veterinarians and food scientists, could be remedied by liberalizing trade in services. In some Member States, business licensing and other bureaucratic hurdles constitute costly and unproductive barriers to trade.
Last updated: June 24, 2014