Since 1991, Ukraine’s development trajectory has taken the country from a command to a market-based economy. The United States Government maintains a strategic interest in helping Ukraine’s transition toward greater democracy and a sustainable free market economy. Over the last 20 years USAID has provided $1.8 billion in critical development assistance in support of the Ukrainian people. Much of this development assistance has helped Ukrainians experience increased political freedoms, stronger transparency guarantees, and more economic and social opportunities.
Developing an independent, stable, prosperous and democratic Central Asia along Afghanistan’s border is vital to regional and global security, and Uzbekistan plays a pivotal role in the heart of the region. As Central Asia’s most populous country, Uzbekistan’s extensive natural resources and transportation links make it a potential force for economic growth and stability in the region.
West Africa Regional
West Africa’s tremendous resources—human, agricultural, and mineral—are dogged by political instability, poor governance, environmental degradation, disease, extreme poverty, and lack of private investment opportunities. To combat these challenges, USAID’s West Africa Regional Mission, located in Accra, Ghana, implements innovative regional activities to address trans-boundary issues, as well as activities in countries where there is no USAID mission.
West Bank and Gaza
The U.S. Government is dedicated to achieving a comprehensive and sustainable peace between Israelis and Palestinians. We provide assistance based on a two-track approach: first, resumed political negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians to reach a two-state solution, and second, support for Palestinian institution-building, to govern transparently and provide critical services.
Beginning in January 2011, citizens participating in peaceful demonstrations in Yemen’s cities expressed frustration at widespread corruption, unresponsive government, and the lack of economic opportunity. In response, they were successful in advocating for a transfer of power which began a political transition that would address widely held grievances.
Although Zambia has experienced 12 straight years of impressive economic growth and its average income of $1,460 makes it a lower-middle-income country, that growth has not benefited the two-thirds of Zambians who live in poverty. Reflecting considerable U.S. Government investment over time in one of the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS, some social indicators have improved, with life expectancy at birth now at 52 years (up from 39) and maternal mortality at 591 per 100,000 live births (down from 729).
Zimbabwe was once one of southern Africa’s most vibrant, productive, and resilient countries. However, over the past decade, the nation has faced a series of political and economic crises that have led to the general decline of Zimbabweans’ standard of living and a breakdown in public health, education, and infrastructure. Democratic development continues, as the country begins to implement a new constitution passed in 2013.
As of 2012, Zimbabwe had an estimated population of 13.7 million and a life expectancy of 56 years for men and 60 years for women. Furthermore, as of 2011, approximately 72 percent of all households were below the poverty line.
Although reforms since 2009 have helped stabilize the economy, a significant number of people are still food insecure. Formal unemployment levels remain very high and industries continue to operate well below capacity. The uncertain political climate and domestic policies restrict foreign and domestic investment needed for economic growth. The country’s estimated external debt of $8.9 billion, two-thirds of which is overdue, severely limits development lending to the country.
Zimbabwe’s high mortality and illness rates are a result of an under-resourced health delivery system, which is overstretched by the high burden of HIV, TB, and maternal and childhood illnesses. A decade of worsening economic conditions and rising costs has eroded a once vibrant health system. HIV prevalence has declined since its peak in the last decade; however, the country still has one of the highest prevalence rates in the world at 15 percent.
To ensure that its future is in the hands of Zimbabweans, USAID works with its partners and the Government to strengthen health services, increase food security, support economic resilience, and promote democratic governance.
Last updated: January 28, 2015