Officially 67 percent of the population of South Sudan, both urban and rural, has access to improved drinking water sources, which include piped water, public tap, borehole/tube well, protected well, protected spring or rainwater.
However, the Government of the Republic of South Sudan Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation states that 30-50 percent of water facilities are non-functional at any point in time due to lack of spare part supply chains, weak maintenance capacity, poor management and/or inappropriate choice of technology. Thus, the actual level of access to an improved water source in rural areas is estimated to be only 34 percent (according to the South Sudan Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategic Framework, produced by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation in July 2011). This affects most of the country, as over 80 percent of South Sudanese live in rural areas, representing 90 percent of those living in poverty. Beyond limited access to improved water and sanitation there is low knowledge and practice of good hygiene behaviors. Lack of clean water and sanitation, as well as poor hygiene practices, increase the risk of diarrheal diseases that lead to illness and death, particularly among young children.
USAID works with the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to construct water and sanitation infrastructure and provide clean piped water to communities. USAID supports the marketing of water purification tablets and activities that aim to improve water supply and sanitation facilities through water well drilling, hand pump repair, latrine construction and hygiene promotion. USAID resources also build the capacity of public utility staff and local government authorities by developing governance structures and community management and promoting good hygiene practices.
Last updated: January 17, 2014