- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
April 3, 2014
Food Security Situation
Over three decades of war, civil unrest and recurring natural disasters have left Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world despite growth in recent years. Thirty six percent of Afghans live below the poverty line, and over half of the population is at serious risk of falling into poverty.
Key drivers of food insecurity include high levels of poverty, displacement, unemployment and underemployment, dependence on subsistence agriculture and price fluctuations in key food commodities.
Under-nutrition is alarmingly high in Afghanistan. According to the World Food Program (WFP), the national global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate stands at about 8.7 percent. About 60.5 percent of children under five are stunted and 37.7 percent are underweight. Additionally, 21 percent of reproductive aged women are underweight and many suffer from significant iron and iodine deficiencies.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) recently provided 20,380 MT of wheat, peas, and vegetable oil, to WFP’s new protracted relief and recovery operation. Over the next three years WFP aims to reach 3,663,779 conflict-affected displaced persons, returnees, natural disaster-affected populations, persons affected by acute economic stresses, malnourished children under five, and pregnant and lactating women. With FFP assistance, WFP will reach 442,000 food-insecure Afghans with general food assistance.
FFP also partners with the U.N. Children Fund (UNICEF) to provide Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods for approximately 60,000 children across all 34 provinces.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$65.7 million||42,270 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$46.2 million||30,250 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$68.1 million||49,154 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$168.5 million||109,116 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$58.1 million||54,100 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$59.2 million||41,440 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Note: FFP: Food for Peace; WFP: World Food Program; MT : Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food Security Situation information provided by WFP as of February 2014. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014.
Last updated: April 04, 2014