Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Afghanistan

April 3, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of Afghanistan
CIA World Factbook
  • Over  three decades of war, civil unrest and recurring natural disasters have left Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world despite growth in recent years. Thirty six percent of Afghans live below the poverty line, and over half of the population is at serious risk of falling into poverty.

  • Key drivers of food insecurity include high levels of poverty, displacement, unemployment and underemployment, dependence on subsistence agriculture and price fluctuations in key food commodities.

  • Under-nutrition is alarmingly high in Afghanistan. According to the World Food Program (WFP), the national global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate stands at about 8.7 percent. About 60.5 percent of children under five are stunted and 37.7 percent are underweight. Additionally, 21 percent of reproductive aged women are underweight and many suffer from significant iron and iodine deficiencies.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) recently provided 20,380 MT of wheat, peas, and vegetable oil, to WFP’s new protracted relief and recovery operation. Over the next three years WFP aims to reach 3,663,779 conflict-affected displaced persons, returnees, natural disaster-affected populations, persons affected by acute economic stresses,  malnourished children under five, and pregnant and lactating women. With FFP assistance, WFP will reach 442,000 food-insecure Afghans with general food assistance.

  • FFP also partners with the U.N. Children Fund (UNICEF) to provide Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods for approximately 60,000 children across all 34 provinces.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $65.7 million 42,270 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $46.2 million 30,250 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $68.1 million 49,154 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $168.5 million 109,116 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $58.1 million 54,100 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $59.2 million 41,440 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Note: FFP: Food for Peace; WFP: World Food Program; MT : Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food Security Situation information provided by WFP as of February 2014. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014.

Last updated: April 04, 2014

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