- ABOUT US
- Our Work
- Dollars to Results
- Partnership Opportunities
Thirty years of conflict devastated the economy, institutions, and people of Afghanistan. Thanks to the joint efforts of the U.S. government, NATO, and international partners, Afghanistan is moving toward a more secure, stable, and prosperous future. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), as part of the U.S. government effort, is working to build the capacity of the Afghan government and people to take ownership of long-term development and reconstruction efforts. USAID’s partnership with Afghanistan will extend well past the 2014 security transition in order to build Afghanistan’s resilience to withstand economic, security, and governance challenges, while maintaining gains realized over the past 12 years. Sustainability and protection of women’s rights will remain vital components of USAID’s efforts in Afghanistan.
INVESTING IN PEOPLE: HEALTH AND EDUCATION
Under the Taliban regime in 2001, only 900,000 boys and no girls were enrolled in schools. Today, more than eight million children attend school, 37 percent of whom are girls. More than 11,700 professors and students have benefitted from USAID’s English and professional development programs. In areas with no government schools, USAID has set up 3,695 classes serving 52,500 students, 65 percent of them girls. To strengthen higher education, USAID trained 1,700 professors in modern teaching methods, and supported the development of two Master’s degree programs, one in Education and the other in Public Policy and Administration. Today, university enrollment in Afghanistan has grown to 95,000 from 8,000 in 2001, of which more than 20 percent are women. USAID’s activities in higher education align with the Afghan National Development Strategy and the National Higher Education Strategic plan (2010-2014). The strategy envisions a reinvigorated, higher education system that plays a major role in the emergence of a pluralistic, democratic, and stable society. USAID coordinates closely with the Ministry of Education (MoE) and the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) at the central level. The MoE developed a human resources management system, with technical support from USAID, which included the design and implementation of a teacher credentialing system and salary reforms to enhance teaching as a career choice, particularly among women. USAID is also collaborating with other donors such as the World Bank in support of implementing the MoE’s second National Education Strategic Plan (2010-2014).
|USAID's Impact at a Glance|
USAID’s approach to improving Afghan health includes: improving health-related behaviors, increasing demand for and access to quality private sector health products and services, and strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH). Since 2001, through MoPH leadership and multi-donor support, access to basic health services to the Afghan population has risen from 9 percent to 57 percent, and maternal mortality has decreased by 79% since 2002, with 60% of women receiving antenatal care. The number of functioning primary health care facilities has increased from 498 in 2002 to more than 2,000 in 2013. More than one million people per month are treated at USAID-supported health facilities, of whom 76 percent are women and children under the age of five. Additionally, infant mortality has decreased by 53 percent and child mortality by 62 percent since 2002.
ECONOMIC GROWTH, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND AGRICULTURE
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY
The U.S. Mission is working to enable the improved stability in Afghanistan and government legitimacy by strengthening democratic institutions and improving their accountability and performance. USAID helps develop the capacity of key institutions, including the Independent Electoral Commission, the National Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Independent Directorate for Local Governance, and the Civil Service Commission. USAID trained more than 16,000 civil servants (26 percent of whom are women) in core administrative functions, and promoted a new merit-based hiring process which has been used to place over 75 deputy governors and sub-governors. USAID also provides training to Afghan civil-society organizations to advocate for society-led reform. To promote stability at the local level, USAID supports Afghans in addressing the drivers of instability, and establishing an environment for sustained social and economic development. USAID implemented more than 5,325 community stabilization activities and is improving the ability of municipal governments to deliver service.
Last updated: March 03, 2014