Agriculture is the main source of livelihood and subsistence for roughly 75 percent of the Afghan population, and a crucial component to enhance food security and drive economic growth for the entire country.
U.S. assistance in Afghanistan to the agricultural sector focuses on helping to create farm and non-farm jobs, increasing incomes, and strengthening Afghans’ confidence in their own government. USAID programs improve productivity, regenerate agribusiness, rehabilitate watersheds and irrigation infrastructure, and increase the capacity of the Afghan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) to deliver services effectively. By working with farmers and agricultural businesses on the continuum from “farm to fork” or agricultural value chains, USAID assists them to overcome obstacles hindering production, processing, or marketing and sales of agricultural products. By intervening in critical bottlenecks – like providing assistance in improving packaging or helping to connect farmers to markets – we are helping Afghans achieve significant impacts on agricultural yields, incomes, and jobs.
RESTORING AFGHAN AGRICULTURE’S HISTORICAL STRENGTHS
RESULTS 2009 TO 2012
- Distributed seeds, tools, and other agricultural inputs to over one million farmers, established more than 446 veterinary field units and administered over 26 million vaccinations,
- Established a $100 million Agricultural Development Fund to provide loans to Afghan farmers and on-lending organizations. $23m dispersed to date benefiting 15,000 farmers.
- Facilitated $268,275,909 in increased sales of licit farm and non-farm products in assisted areas.
- Brought 2.7 million hectares under improved natural resource management in areas where the ecosystem is particularly fragile.
- Created 192,686 full-time equivalent jobs through alternative livelihood activities.
- Brought 310,121 hectares of alternative crops under cultivation.
- Exported fresh grapes overland to New Delhi using refrigerated containers; exported pomegranates and raisins to Canada, UAE, Germany, UK, Holland, India, and Tajikistan; and exported onions to Pakistan.
- Planted 390,000 saplings and grape vines on 900 hectares
- Established 18 Farm Service Centers (FSC) that provide access to high quality seeds, fertilizer, and other inputs, and serve as centers for access to market and technical information. The FSCs have generated sales and services worth more than $49.4 million, trained more than 37,690 people, and provided access to credit for 10,126 farmers. Three of these FSCs are solely owned and operated by women.
BOOSTING INCOME FOR WOMEN
PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT
- Afghan Agricultural Research and Extension Development (AGRED) Program
- Afghanistan Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS-NET)
- Agricultural Development Fund (ADF) and Agricultural Credit Enhancement (ACE)
- Commercial Horticulture and Agricultural Marketing Project (CHAMP)
- Improving Livelihoods and Governance through Natural Resource Management Project (ILG-NRMP)
- Incentives Driving Economic Alternatives for the North, East, West (IDEA-NEW)
- Irrigation and Watershed Management Program (IWMP)
- Strengthening Afghan Agricultural Faculties (SAAF) Project
- USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) Afghanistan
- USAID/Washington DCHA Office of Food for Peace (MYAP)
- USAID/Washington DCHA Office of Food for Peace (PRRO)
- Accelerating Sustainable Agriculture Project (ASAP)
- Advancing Afghan Agriculture Alliance (A-4)
- Afghanistan Biodiversity and Community Forestry (ABCF)
- Afghanistan Farm Service Alliance (AFSA)
- Afghanistan Immediate Needs Program
- Afghanistan Vouchers for Increased Production in Agriculture – Plus (AVIPA Plus)
- Afghanistan Vouchers for Increased Production in Agriculture (AVIPA)
- Afghanistan Water, Agriculture and Technology Transfer (AWATT) Project
- Agroenterprise Support Program
- Alternative Development Program/Eastern Region (ADP/E)
- Alternative Development Program/Northern Region (ADP/N)
- Alternative Development Program/Southern Region (ADP/S)
- Alternative Development Program/Southwestern Region (ADP/SW)
- Biodiversity Support Program (BSP)
- Alternative Licit Livelihoods Initiative (ALLI) (formerly Agro-enterprise Development Alliance)
- Badakhshan Alternative Employment for Rural Workers
- Cash for Work Hilmand Program
- Community Development Agriculture in Paktya, Paktika, Khost and Southeast Ghazni (CDA-P2KG)
- Cotton & Alternative Crops Pilot Project in Helmand Province
- Dairy Industry Revitalization
- Development Credit Authority (DCA)
- Environmental Assessment of the Alternative Livelihoods Program
- Fund to IFDC For Seed/Fertilizer
- Global Development Alliance for Strengthening Market Chains for Afghan Raisins and Pomegranates (GDA)
- Good Performance Initiative (GPI)
- Hilmand Food Zone Project (HFZP)
- Incentives to Reduce Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan
- Nangahar Canal and Alternative Crops Program
- Pastoral Engagement, Adaptation, and Capacity Enhancement (PEACE) Project
- Private Community Forestry for Natural Resource Management
- Provincial Reforestation and Integrated Environmental Protection Project (IEPP)
- Quick Impact Shamli
- Rebuild Agriculture Markets Program (RAMP)
- Rebuilding Agricultural Markets and Conserving Biological Diversity
- Southern Region Agricultural Development Project (SRADP)
- Support to National Area Based Development Program
- Village-Based Watershed Reforestation in Ghor Province
Last updated: July 10, 2014