Agriculture is the main source of livelihood and subsistence for roughly 75 percent of the Afghan population, and a crucial component to enhance food security and drive economic growth for the entire country.
- Established more than 446 veterinary field units
- Administered 26 million vaccinations to livestock
- Trained more than 636,000 men and women in improved farm and business skills in 2013
- Established a $100 million Agricultural Development Fund to provide loans to Afghan farmers
- Brought 317,077 hectares of alternative crops under cultivation.
- Established 18 farm service centers that provide access to high quality materials, and serve as centers for access to market and technical information.
- Facilitated $268,275,909 in increased sales of legal farm and non-farm products
U.S. assistance in Afghanistan to the agricultural sector focuses on helping to create both farm and non-farm jobs, increasing incomes, and strengthening Afghans’ confidence in their own government. USAID programs improve productivity, regenerate agribusiness, rehabilitate watersheds and irrigation infrastructure, and increase the capacity of the Afghan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) to deliver services effectively. By working with farmers and agricultural businesses on the continuum from “farm to fork” or agricultural value chains, USAID assists them to overcome obstacles hindering production, processing, or marketing and sales of agricultural products. By intervening in critical bottlenecks – like providing assistance in improving packaging or helping to connect farmers to markets – we are helping Afghans achieve significant impacts on agricultural yields, incomes, and jobs.
RESTORING AFGHAN AGRICULTURE’S HISTORICAL STRENGTHS
Prior to decades of conflict, Afghanistan had an excellent global reputation for its almonds, pomegranates, pistachios, raisins, and apricots. With USAID assistance, high-value fruit and nut production has rebounded since 2002 and markets in India, Dubai, and elsewhere are being reestablished.
In the past three years USAID investments in the agricultural sector have helped create an estimated 174,000 new agricultural employment opportunities, and improved the access of Afghan farmers to technologies and financial services. Working together with USDA, USAID has distributed input vouchers for seed, fertilizer, tools and technology to approximately one million farmers, established more than 400 veterinary field units that provide vaccinations and treatment for livestock, and brought approximately 1.4 million acres under improved natural resource management practices in 1,628 communities.
Going forward into transition, U.S. assistance to Afghanistan’s agricultural sector will move from stabilization efforts to a more impactful development approach in the programming of projects. Projects will center on food security, agricultural productivity, market and value chains linkage, local capacity building of government services in the agriculture sector, gender and cross cutting issues, and water and watershed management. USAID will direct a greater engagement with MAIL to ensure buy-in for on-budget activities.
RESULTS 2009 TO 2013
- Distributed seeds, tools, and other agricultural inputs to over one million farmers, established more than 446 veterinary field units and administered over 26 million vaccinations,
- Established a $100 million Agricultural Development Fund to provide loans to Afghan farmers and on-lending organizations. $37m dispersed to date benefiting 22,000 farmers.
- Facilitated $290 million in increased sales of licit farm and non-farm products in assisted areas.
- Brought 2.7 million hectares under improved natural resource management in areas where the ecosystem is particularly fragile. Created 193,644 full-time equivalent jobs through alternative livelihood activities. Brought 317,077 hectares of alternative crops under cultivation.
- Facilitated exports of 12,000 metric tons of fresh fruit in refrigerated containers; exported pomegranates and raisins to Canada, UAE, Germany, UK, Holland, India, and Tajikistan; and exported onions to Pakistan.
- Planted 9,000,000 saplings and grape vines on 6000 hectares
- Established 18 Farm Service Centers (FSC) that provide access to high quality seeds, fertilizer, and other inputs, and serve as centers for access to market and technical information. The FSCs have generated sales and services worth more than $49.4 million, trained more than 37,690 people, and provided access to credit for 10,126 farmers. Three of these FSCs are solely owned and operated by women.
BOOSTING INCOME FOR WOMEN
PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT
- Afghan Agricultural Research and Extension Development (AGRED) Program
- Afghanistan Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS-NET)
- Agricultural Development Fund (ADF) and Agricultural Credit Enhancement (ACE)
- Commercial Horticulture and Agricultural Marketing Project (CHAMP)
- Improving Livelihoods and Governance through Natural Resource Management Project (ILG-NRMP)
- Incentives Driving Economic Alternatives for the North, East, West (IDEA-NEW)
- Irrigation and Watershed Management Program (IWMP)
- Regional Agricultural Development Program - North
- Regional Agricultural Development Program-South (RADP-S)
- Strengthening Afghan Agricultural Faculties (SAAF) Project
- USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) Afghanistan
- USAID/Washington DCHA Office of Food for Peace (MYAP)
- USAID/Washington DCHA Office of Food for Peace (PRRO)
- Accelerating Sustainable Agriculture Project (ASAP)
- Advancing Afghan Agriculture Alliance (A-4)
- Afghanistan Biodiversity and Community Forestry (ABCF)
- Afghanistan Farm Service Alliance (AFSA)
- Afghanistan Immediate Needs Program
- Afghanistan Vouchers for Increased Production in Agriculture – Plus (AVIPA Plus)
- Afghanistan Vouchers for Increased Production in Agriculture (AVIPA)
- Afghanistan Water, Agriculture and Technology Transfer (AWATT) Project
- Agroenterprise Support Program
- Alternative Development Program/Eastern Region (ADP/E)
- Alternative Development Program/Northern Region (ADP/N)
- Alternative Development Program/Southern Region (ADP/S)
- Alternative Development Program/Southwestern Region (ADP/SW)
- Biodiversity Support Program (BSP)
- Alternative Licit Livelihoods Initiative (ALLI) (formerly Agro-enterprise Development Alliance)
- Badakhshan Alternative Employment for Rural Workers
- Cash for Work Hilmand Program
- Community Development Agriculture in Paktya, Paktika, Khost and Southeast Ghazni (CDA-P2KG)
- Cotton & Alternative Crops Pilot Project in Helmand Province
- Dairy Industry Revitalization
- Development Credit Authority (DCA)
- Environmental Assessment of the Alternative Livelihoods Program
- Fund to IFDC For Seed/Fertilizer
- Global Development Alliance for Strengthening Market Chains for Afghan Raisins and Pomegranates (GDA)
- Good Performance Initiative (GPI)
- Hilmand Food Zone Project (HFZP)
- Incentives to Reduce Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan
- Nangahar Canal and Alternative Crops Program
- Pastoral Engagement, Adaptation, and Capacity Enhancement (PEACE) Project
- Private Community Forestry for Natural Resource Management
- Provincial Reforestation and Integrated Environmental Protection Project (IEPP)
- Quick Impact Shamli
- Rebuild Agriculture Markets Program (RAMP)
- Rebuilding Agricultural Markets and Conserving Biological Diversity
- Southern Region Agricultural Development Project (SRADP)
- Support to National Area Based Development Program
- Village-Based Watershed Reforestation in Ghor Province
Last updated: September 23, 2014